According to a pair of studies released on Tuesday, there appears to be little effort made when trying to curb obesity in the United States. Two articles published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, show that 35% of men, 40% of women and 17% of children and adolescents are obese.
These figures remain high in spite of the "hundreds of millions of dollars" that have been invested into research, trials, observational studies, community and hospital programs, and the development of devices and drugs, said a JAMA editorial.
Dr Jody Zylke, the deputy editor and Dr Howard Bauchner, the editor in chief of JAMA wrote that "although it is impossible to know what the extent of the obesity epidemic would have been without these efforts, the data reported certainly do not suggest much success." One study looked specifically at trends among adults from 2005 to 2014.
Based on data, from more than 2 600 men and 2 800 women, the results show that the frequency of obesity went up for women, while the frequency among men remained the same. Cynthia Ogden, one of the authors of the two studies stated that obesity has increased by 5% for women over a decade. And the National Centre for Health Statistics at the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention has suggested that a body mass index of 30 or more qualified as obese, and a body mass index of 40 or more qualified as class 3 obesity.
Nearly 10% of women and 5.5% of men fit into the class 3 obesity category. Ogden revealed that she and the other authors looked at race, ethnicity, education level and smoking practices to see whether these factors could explain the trends, but nothing did.